Similar to human beings, cars need fluid to keep running. For this purpose, maintaining proper fluid levels is very important. Even an amateur mechanic can do this which can add up thousands of miles in the life span of the car. The functions which require checking are as follows:
· Engine: Oil is considered to be the lifeline of any vehicle. It is critical for increasing the life of an engine. Checking oil levels is a simple task. Experts’ advice that before checking the oil, drive the car for a few minutes. Then allow the car to set for five minutes so that the oil settles within the sump and then check. Adequate levels of oil are when the dipstick has the oil stain within the two hash marks. If it is below the level add oil.
· Automatic transmission: The fluid of automatic transmission should be checked regularly. Start the engine and see the dipstick of the transmission. Extract the dipstick, clean it and dip it again. Too low is indicated with one mark and another one for too high. If the level is fine, see the consistency and color of the fluid. If it is black or dark, then it is time to change transmission fluids.
· Manual transmission: This is checked with a closed engine. In many cars, you will have to slide beneath the car and the fill plug removed with a wrench. Stick in your finger and if you feel the fluid then the level is fine. On the other side, hydraulic clutch system is another way of checking which requires brake fluid so as to keep the parts lubricated. A small plastic reservoir is located under the hood. If it is two-thirds full then it is ok.
· Cooling/radiator system: Checking this part is done when the engine is lukewarm or cool but, not cold. It is situated in the center of the engine compartment. Remove the lid and see if the fluid is seen. If it is near top, then the radiator is in good condition. Also check the fluid level in the coolant reservoir. Open the lid and check that it is two-thirds full to b under good operating conditions for more information you can get information from several websites.
· Brakes: Similar to transmission, brakes are also a sealed system. If it repeatedly low in fluid, it can be a problem. The brake fluid reservoir is in the engine compartment and should be at least two-thirds full for avoiding issues within braking systems. There are several websites to get more information.
· Battery: There are some cars which have maintenance-free battery which means that they should not be tampered. However, there are cars which use traditional battery designs having six cells which require refilling. Fill these cells with distilled water as it does not have trace elements and contaminants which build corrosive elements around battery terminals.
· Window washer: Newer models have lighting features which comes to indicate when the receptacle requires refilling. The caps will be labeled as windshield and coolant. Augmenting water in the receptacles with glass cleaners so as to increase the power of cleaning of the fluid.
· Air conditioner: Although, this part uses gas as its main mechanism and not every person can check the level. Since it is important to check this part, it has been included in the list.
Article Credit: http://www.edmunds.com/how-to/how-to-maintain-your-cars-fluid-levels.html
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